The Romanian Peasant Museum is a national museum of folk arts and traditions, administrated by the Ministry of Culture and National Identity of Romania. The museum preserves and exhibits numerous collections of objects and monuments of material and spiritual culture. All of these are housed in a historic building-monument, build in neo-Romanian style.
The Romanian Peasant Museum has one of the richest collections of peasant objects in Romania, in its heritage there are almost 90,000 pieces, these are divided into several collections: ceramics, port, textiles, wooden objects, religious, etc. It has been established since 1906 and continues to grow steadily through field research conducted in all Romanian provinces.
The most important of the collections is the one of ceramics that includes a number of approximately 18,000 pieces. A second collection is that of peasant costumes. It contains about 20,000 pieces, including objects from all areas of Romania, from the 19th and 20th centuries. Also, in the museum’s patrimony there is a collection of interior fabrics, the vast majority of the pieces coming from Moldova and Oltenia.
The collection of wood, furniture and hardware has about 8,000 objects, including: agricultural tools, traditional furniture, tools from the domestic industry and even musical instruments. The religious art collection groups religious objects, such as glass icons, wood icons, church scents, and crosses. Along with all these collections, the Image Archive of the Romanian Peasant Museum holds a series of old photographs and other documents.