The University Square is the most popular meeting point in Bucharest, a place full of history and significance, a space that gives the capital its identity.
Its shape is influenced by the model of “Great Intersection” (La Grande Croisee), delimiting the north-south and east-west axes, so as to encourage urban modernization through Parisian influence. This is where the buildings of the University of Bucharest, the National Theater “I. L. Caragiale” and the Intercontinental Hotel are located.
The University Square is the symbol of Romania’s exit from communism, the Kilometre Zero (km 0) monument and the monument dedicated to Cristi Paţurcă are symbols of the struggle for freedom.
During the Monarchy, the Square changed its appearance dramatically: it acquired a western aspect by establishing the circle, by drawing the large boulevards and erecting some buildings. The area was not shaped as a monumental market, but as a road node, the most important of the Capital, by its location in the geometric center of the city.
The bronze monument was destroyed by the communist regime in the summer of 1948. The old building of the University of Bucharest had been erected in the time of Alexandru Ioan Cuza. Seriously affected by the bombings of 1944, it was to be rebuilt in the 1960s.
Since 1989 and until now, in the University Square has changed its appearance. The statues area has been redeveloped and the National Theater has been renovated. The dramatic events that took place there give the University Square a great significance, thus becoming a true symbol.